Ref# 2365
Blue Carbon Initiative
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Conservation International
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC)
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS)
Tropical Agriculture Research and Higher Education Center (CATIE)
Fundacao Universidade Federal do Rio Grande (FURG)
Instituto Mediterraneo de Estudios Avanzados and The University of Western Australia
Marine Science Institute, University of the Philippines
Florida International University
USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center
Research Center for Coastal and Marine Resources (KKP)
Bates College
Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute
Oregon State University
School of Ocean Science, Bangor University
University of Queensland
Research Council of Spain at the Mediterranean Institute for Advanced Studies
Smithsonian Institution
University of South Carolina
Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)
Indiana University
University of Technology Sydney
The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO)
New South Whales (NSW) Office of Environment and Heritage
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Agency for Marine Fisheries and Research, Indonesia; Arafura and Timor Seas Expert Forum (ATSEF)
Progress reports/updates
Objective & Description
The initiative aims at achieving the following overall targets by 2025:
- Reversing the current trend of the degradation of marine and coastal habitats and maintaining
the amount of carbon sequestration;
- Significantly increasing the area of Blue Carbon ecosystems under effective ecosystem-based
management; and
- Mobilising US$40 million for protecting and rehabilitating coastal and marine habitats, thus
enhancing their capacity for carbon storage and sequestration.

Governance & Coordination Mechanisms
Implementation Methodologies
UNEPís Blue Carbon Initiative aims to develop a global partnership to advance the sound management of
coastal and marine ecosystems in order to ensure that their carbon sequestration and storage functions
are maintained, and emissions of greenhouse gases are avoided. Furthermore, ecosystem-based
management of Blue Carbon sinks should be appropriately incorporated into global climate change
mitigation discussions and financing schemes. It supports the development both of global, regional
and national policies for ecosystem management and of possible financial instruments to maintain and
enhance sequestration in Blue Carbon ecosystems.
Its proposed key elements are:
1. Developing methodologies, standardized around the world, for carbon accounting and economic
valuation of ecosystem services in coastal blue carbon ecosystems;
2. Using these methodologies in a range of small-scale interventions;
3. Filling gaps in our knowledge of ecosystem services and of carbon sequestration and fluxes in blue
carbon ecosystems;
4. Exploring how the international community can adopt the methodologies to influence international
climate frameworks and create incentives for protecting ecosystem services and carbon
These objectives are aligned with the UNEP Marine and Coastal Strategy under its stream on Ecosystems
for Human Well-being.

Arrangements for Capacity Building and Technology Transfer
Copyright 2016 United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs