UNEP, Governments, Businesses, Academia, Local Authorities, Nongovernmental Organizations and Individuals
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
International Solid Waste Association (ISWA)
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)
International Maritime Organization (IMO)
Objective & Description
Global Partnership on Marine Litter
Under the GPA, land-based marine litter has been highlighted in the ‘Manila Declaration’ (Third Intergovernmental Review of the GPA in January 2012) as a priority source category for 2012-2016 giving UNEP a strong mandate to continue its work on this issue over the next 5 years. Representatives of 64 Governments and the European Commission emphasized the relevance of the Honolulu Commitment endorsed at the Fifth International Marine Debris Conference (5IMDC), and the Honolulu Strategy – a global framework for prevention and management of marine debris. The Manila Declaration also recommended the establishment of a Global Partnership on Marine Litter (GPML) which was launched 18 June 2012 - UNEP is developing it further in collaboration with relevant partners and will function as the Secretariat of the GPML.
UNEP’s marine litter related activities also feed into the workplan of the UNEP-led Global Partnership on Waste Management (the marine litter focal area led by UNEP/GPA). This will ensure that marine litter issues, goals, and strategies are tied to global efforts to reduce and manage waste.
The Global Partnership on Marine Litter (GPML), besides being supportive of the Global Partnership on Waste Management, seeks to protect human health and the global environment by the reduction and management of marine litter as its main goal, through several specific objectives:
To reduce the impacts of marine litter worldwide on economies, ecosystem, animal welfare and human health.
To enhance international cooperation and coordination through the promotion and implementation of the Honolulu Strategy - a global framework for the prevention and management of marine debris, as well as the Honolulu Commitment – a multi-stakeholder pledge.
To promote knowledge management, information sharing and monitoring of progress on the implementation of the Honolulu Strategy.
To promote resource efficiency and economic development through waste prevention (e.g. 4Rs (reduce, re-use, recycle and re-design) and by recovering valuable material and/or energy from waste.
To increase awareness on sources of marine litter, their fate and impacts.
To assess emerging issues related to the fate and potential influence of marine litter, including (micro) plastics uptake in the food web and associated transfer of pollutants and impacts on the conservation and welfare of marine fauna.
Increased awareness of the impacts of marine litter at various levels – e.g. policy-makers, industry, and the general public.
Increased body of knowledge on communities of best practices to address marine litter by various stakeholders around the world at various levels, and how their activities contribute to the implementation of the Honolulu Strategy.
Identification and filling of knowledge gaps and establishing organizational knowledge processes.
Strengthened and coordinated global and regional networks/nodes on /for marine litter.
Enhanced resource efficiency by avoiding duplication of efforts, streamlining of resource utilization and information sharing across multiple activities.
Increased economic development and job creation opportunities in marine litter prevention and management.
Improved synergy among stakeholders including academia, NGOs, the private sector, governments and international organizations.
Enabled complementarities between the partnership and relevant Conventions and other international instruments, action plans, initiatives, and activities.
Systematic publication of scoping papers and global assessments on emerging issues associated with marine litter.
Increased mobilization of resources to address marine litter mitigation.
Governance & Coordination Mechanisms
The GPML will initially be guided by the Honolulu Strategy and work as a “coordinating forum” for all the stakeholders including international, regional, national and local organizations working in the area of marine litter prevention and management, thereby assisting stakeholders to complement each other’s efforts, to avoid duplication and to optimize the efficiency and efficacy of their resources. The GPML would foster enhanced partnerships between Governments, NGO’s, the private sector, the public sector (e.g. academia) and the general public to work together to reduce and manage marine litter.
The core areas of the partnership will focus on three overarching goals (hereinafter referred to as Partnership Areas):
- Goal A: Reduced levels and impacts of land-based litter and solid waste introduced into the aquatic environment;
- Goal B: Reduced levels and impact of sea-based sources of marine debris including solid waste, lost cargo, ALDFG, and abandoned vessels introduced into the aquatic environment;
- Goal C. Reduced levels and impacts of (accumulated) marine debris on shorelines, aquatic habitats, and biodiversity.
It is anticipated that different stakeholders will form sub-groups to focus on specific issues, e.g. cross-cutting issues. Establishment of additional Partnership Areas would be based on the willingness and availability of lead members for these Areas.
Arrangements for Capacity Building and Technology Transfer