Caribbean: 7 East Caribbean Countries
Indian Ocean: 3 Countries
Pacific: Regional system (20 countries) plus Fiji, Solomon, and PNG
Objective & Description
Building capacities for increased public investment in integrated climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction is an initiative of UNISDR, supported by a variety of partners including the European Commission, Japan, UNDP, World Bank, JICA, among others, working with a number of SIDS across the Caribbean, Indian Ocean and Pacific to systematically account for disaster loss and to develop probabilistic estimations of future risk, with an emphasis in weather and climate change related hazards. The initiative provides evidence to support the integration of climate change adaptation measures in development activities and improve preparedness for climate-related disaster and governance by informing public investment planning.
The 3-year initiative aims to strengthen capacities for unified climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction through increased public investment. The initiative supports countries to systematically account for disaster loss and to develop probabilistic estimations of future risk, with an emphasis in weather and climate change related hazards.
There are four components: (1) development of national disaster loss databases; (2) development of hybrid loss exceedance curves that estimate the full spectrum of risk the country faces; (3) support to incorporate climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction into the country's national public investment and development planning system; and (4) feed the evidence generated to enhance global risk analysis.
This is a global initiative covering 30 countries in Asia-Pacific, Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean.
Governance & Coordination Mechanisms
The initiative is coordinated by UNISDR through its Risk Knowledge Section in Geneva and through its Regional Offices in Asia-Pacific, Africa, Arab states and Latin America and the Caribbean.
The implementation of the proposed activities is carried out with identified partners in each region. Currently UNISDR works with a large number of scientific and technical partners to develop national disaster loss databases, hybrid loss exceedence curves and increase public investment in DRR and CCA.
National capacity building activities will be supported through agreements, especially with UNDP and the World Bank, and when appropriste other in-country partners, enabling at the same time the leverage of national resources.
The initiative has four complementary Components. The roll-out of these Components at the national level will take into account existing conditions and capacities in each country. The initiative will combine countries that have already developed and institutionalized national disaster databases, those that are well on the way to doing so with others that currently have not begun compiling disaster loss data. Typical activities under each Component may include:
Component 1: Strengthening capacities for national loss accounting
- National workshop: representatives of selected government agencies, UN and scientific and technical partners, will convene for a workshop in which they will be familiarized with the methodology and tools for building national disaster databases.
- Data collection and entry: national teams in each country will identify data sources (including government, media and other databases), collect historical disaster data covering a thirty year period and enter the data into the database. On-line technical assistance (and if necessary on-site) will be provided to the national teams by UN and scientific and technical partners.
- Data validation and cleaning: the database will then be thoroughly checked for inconsistencies and errors (normally a subset of data entries are reviewed or eliminated in this process) in order to provide an accurate and reliable source of disaster data.
- Analysis of risk trends and patterns and estimation of recurrent economic losses: with guidance from UN and scientific and technical partners the national teams will then undertake a first analysis of risk patterns and trends using the collected disaster data and the estimation of recurrent economic losses.
Component 2: Strengthening capacities for probabilistic risk assessment and risk management portfolio development
- Estimations of major hazards: information compiled from secondary sources (including national risk assessments, global databases and data from the insurance industry) on major hazards, including tropical cyclones, earthquakes, tsunamis, floods and volcanic eruptions
- Quantification and characterization of the exposure and vulnerability of public assets at risk: national (or regional) consultants, with guidance from UN and scientific and technical partners, will calculate the value of exposed public assets, through the establishment of vulnerability proxies.
- Generation of hybrid loss exceedence curves: combining the estimation of recurrent losses with the probability of catastrophic loss, allowing the calculation of annual average losses and probable maximum losses.
- Characterization of an optimum risk management portfolio: workshops with planning or finance ministries to estimate how much risk should be retained and reduced and how much transferred; estimations of the costs and benefits of both prospective and corrective disaster risk management investments.
Component 3: Incorporating risk management integrated with CCA into public investment planning and decision making
- Identifying existing investments in disaster risk reduction: workshops with finance or planning ministries to review how governments are currently planning and deciding public investments including the identification and tracking of existing investments in disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation.
- Incorporating methods and procedures for incorporating risk management into public investment planning and decision making: based on the experience of countries that have already incorporated disaster risk considerations into their national public investment planning systems, a set of methods and procedures appropriate to the institutional architecture and mechanisms and administrative procedures of each country would be developed. The methods and procedures would then be piloted and verified with a view to adoption by the respective governments and the capacity building activities necessary for implementation.
Fourth stage: Sharing of results at regional and global level:
- Global and Regional Assessment Reports: the results of the initiative will feed into the 2013 and 2015 Global Assessment Reports on Disaster Risk Reduction, enhancing the analysis of global risk. The global risk analysis will develop metrics on risk (Average Annual Loss, Probable Maximum Loss, Pure Prime Risk) and on resilience (a countries ability to absorb loss and bounce back) for all countries and regions.
Arrangements for Capacity Building and Technology Transfer
Each component works with repective national partners:
Component 1: disaster loss data collectors (researchers, environment and IT specialists, disaster managment officials)
Component 2: specialists with knowledge in engineering, GIS and possibly hazard/risk modeling
Component 3: specialists with knowledge in economics, public finance and public policy; and
Ministry of Finance or Planning