Description/achievement of initiative
Building capacities for increased public investment in integrated climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction is an initiative of UNISDR, supported by a variety of partners including the European Commission, Japan, UNDP, World Bank, JICA, among others, working with a number of SIDS across the Caribbean, Indian Ocean and Pacific to systematically account for disaster loss and to develop probabilistic estimations of future risk, with an emphasis in weather and climate change related hazards. The initiative provides evidence to support the integration of climate change adaptation measures in development activities and improve preparedness for climate-related disaster and governance by informing public investment planning.The 3-year initiative aims to strengthen capacities for unified climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction through increased public investment. The initiative supports countries to systematically account for disaster loss and to develop probabilistic estimations of future risk, with an emphasis in weather and climate change related hazards. There are four components: (1) development of national disaster loss databases; (2) development of hybrid loss exceedance curves that estimate the full spectrum of risk the country faces; (3) support to incorporate climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction into the country's national public investment and development planning system; and (4) feed the evidence generated to enhance global risk analysis.This is a global initiative covering 30 countries in Asia-Pacific, Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean.
The initiative has four complementary Components. The roll-out of these Components at the national level will take into account existing conditions and capacities in each country. The initiative will combine countries that have already developed and institutionalized national disaster databases, those that are well on the way to doing so with others that currently have not begun compiling disaster loss data.
Arrangements for Capacity-Building and Technology Transfer
Each component works with repective national partners:Component 1: disaster loss data collectors (researchers, environment and IT specialists, disaster managment officials)Component 2: specialists with knowledge in engineering, GIS and possibly hazard/risk modelingComponent 3: specialists with knowledge in economics, public finance and public policy; and Ministry of Finance or Planning
Coordination mechanisms/governance structure
The initiative is coordinated by UNISDR through its Risk Knowledge Section in Geneva and through its Regional Offices in Asia-Pacific, Africa, Arab states and Latin America and the Caribbean. The implementation of the proposed activities is carried out with identified partners in each region. Currently UNISDR works with a large number of scientific and technical partners to develop national disaster loss databases, hybrid loss exceedence curves and increase public investment in DRR and CCA. National capacity building activities will be supported through agreements, especially with UNDP and the World Bank, and when appropriste other in-country partners, enabling at the same time the leverage of national resources.
Caribbean: 7 East Caribbean Countries
Indian Ocean: 3 Countries
Pacific: Regional system (20 countries) plus Fiji, Solomon, and PNG