Coral Triangle Initiative
Status of initiative: On track
Description/achievement of initiative

The Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries, and Food Security (CTI-CFF) is a multilateral partnership of six countries working together to sustain extraordinary marine and coastal resources by addressing crucial issues such as food security, climate change and marine biodiversity.There is broad scientific consensus that the Coral Triangle represents a global epicenter of marine life abundance and diversity. Spanning only 1.6% of the planet’s oceans, the Coral Triangle region is home to is home to the highest coral diversity in the world with 600 corals or 76% of the world’s known coral species. It contains the highest reef fish diversity on the planet with 2,500 or 37% of the world’s reef fish species concentrated in the area. It also a spawning and nursery ground for six species of threatened marine turtles, endangered fish and cetaceans such as tuna and blue whales.These unparalleled marine and coastal living resources provide significant benefits to the approximately 363 million people who reside in the Coral Triangle, as well as billions more outside the region. As a source of food, income and protection from severe weather events, the ongoing health of these ecosystems is critical.Recognizing the need to safeguard the region’s marine and coastal resources, Indonesian President Yudhoyono inspired other leaders in the region to launch the Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries and Food Security (CTI-CFF) in 2007. The CTI-CFF is a multilateral partnership between the governments of Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste (the ‘CT6’).

Implementation methodologies

At the Leader’s Summit in 2009, these governments agreed to adopt a 10-year CTI Regional Plan of Action (CTI RPOA) to safeguard the region’s marine and coastal biological resources. The RPOA has five goals: strengthening the management of seascapes, promoting an ecosystem approach to fisheries management, establishing and improving effective management of marine protected areas, improving coastal community resilience to climate change, and protecting threatened species.Through the CTI-CFF, the Coral Triange countries have agreed to support people-centered biodiversity conservation, sustainable development, poverty reduction and equitable benefit sharing. The CTI-CFF seeks to address both poverty reduction through economic development, food security, sustainable livelihoods for coastal communities and biodiversity conservation through the protection of species, habitats and ecosystems.

Arrangements for Capacity-Building and Technology Transfer

Coordination mechanisms/governance structure


Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Islands, and Timor Leste with USAID, Australia Government: Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, ADB, GEF, Conservation International, the Nature Conservancy, and the World Wide Fund for Nature
Resources devoted to implementation
Progress reports
Cut off date each year: 1 July
This initiative does not yet fulfil the SMART criteria.
Location: Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste
Date of completion: ongoing
Contact information/focal point(s)
Jakarta Office, regional.secretariat@cticff.org

Copyright 2017 United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs