Description/achievement of initiative
To assist weather services and emergency management agencies (providers of hazard and warning information) in delivering their critical warning messages to their citizens in a timely manner, so that warnings are readily understood and actionable by the end users. Pacific Islands have been plagued with unreliable communications and the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has been working over the past decade through various multilateral organizations to strengthen these capabilities, in some cases developing new devices like the "chatty beetle" that can withstand the challenging environment.
The goal of strengthening early warning communication systems is achieved by: enhancing capabilities for the collection and dissemination of multi-hazard weather and climate forecast products and warning messages from regional forecast centers, to national Met Service, to stakeholder organizations and communities; development and deployment of needed technological systems to ensure people in remote islands receive multi-hazard warning information – from tropical cyclones, tsunamis, and severe storms; deployment and upgrading of communication systems such as EMWIN (Emergency Management Weather Information System), Chatty Beetles, and HF analog radio systems.
Arrangements for Capacity-Building and Technology Transfer
Capacity building and technology transfer occurs through existing development platforms, such as USAID/OFDA, and use of EU and WMO Voluntary Cooperation Programme funds to promote installations of equipment and training opportunities to SIDS.
Coordination mechanisms/governance structure
The primary mechanism for coordination has been the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Voluntary Cooperation Programme with assistance from the US Agency for International Development (USAID) Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance. Coordination has included using working groups to increase resilience and reduce impacts to hazards facing Pacific Island communities, participation in annual or biennial meetings of Pacific Regional Organizations (SPREP and SPC), collaboration within the framework of the WMO Region V (South-west Pacific) Working Group on Infrastructure, Task Team on Satellite Communication, the Pacific Risk Management Ohana Communications Hui, the SPREP Pacific Meteorological Desk Partnership, and the former RANET Pacific Steering Committee.
Partners include U.S. government agencies including Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), US Geological Survey (USGS), US Army Corps of Engineers, East West Center, Pacific Disaster Center, University of Hawaii, Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP), World Meteorological Organization (WMO) RA V., Bureau of Meteorology of Australia, Pacific Island meteorological services, Pacific Island disaster management agencies, etc.