Description/achievement of initiative
Climate change is altering our world. Its consequences, including storms, droughts and floods, are particularly severe for people in developing countries and SIDS. Through development cooperation, Germany is therefore helping partner countries to face the new challenges by offering expertise, funding and practical assistance. The support by the German Development Cooperation aims at strengthening the capacities of Pacific Island Countries and regional organisations to cope with the anticipated effects of climate change that will affect communities across the region. It focuses on key economic sectors such as agriculture and livestock, forestry, fisheries, and tourism. Further focal areas are energy and education, e.g. through primary and secondary education and technical and vocational training. In the Caribbean, German Development Cooperation addresses the increasing vulnerability of Caribbean Small Island and Low-lying Coastal States to climate change and the attendant negative impacts on rural communities and economies, ecosystems (terrestrial and aquatic), and natural resources management. The adaptation of farmland and forest management to the impacts of climate change is improved in eight member states of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM). The management of marine and coastal protected areas, including through investments in ecosystem services, in selected member states is improved and the climate change induced risks facing the Caribbean's coastal population are reduced.In addition, the Global Programme on risk assessment and management (loss and damage) aims to generate tried-and-tested action guidelines on climate risk assessment and management for application by German Development Cooperation and its international partners (including SIDS) in the UNFCCC and UNISDR process in regions that are severely affected by climate change.Since 2008 the German International Climate Initiative (IKI) has supported more than 35 projects with a volume of approx. EUR 120 Mio. (USD 161 Mio.) in SIDS or with direct participation of SIDS. The IKI is promoting climate resilient and low carbon development and the protection and sustainable use of biodiversity in the Pacific, Caribbean and Indian Ocean. SIDS have a unique environment and wildlife that is affected by climate change and current developments.In this regard one major focus in the cooperation with SIDS is on Ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) approaches for Islands. In the light of current and future climatic change EbA measures conserve important ecosystems, restore them, or help to manage them sustainably. In this way, the resilience of ecosystems can be increased and the vulnerability of Islands and their environment be gradually reduced.
The implementation methodologies depend on the project type and include capacity development, technical and policy advice, investments, implementation and financing of agreed measures and pilot projects, studies, development of approaches and concepts, technology transfer and others.
Arrangements for Capacity-Building and Technology Transfer
Capacity Development is integral part of all German development cooperation and IKI projects. The detailed arrangements depend on the specific project design.
Coordination mechanisms/governance structure
Coordination is guaranteed by the respective regional organizations in the Pacific (SPC) and the Caribbean (CARICOM). The German development cooperation support for SIDS in the field of Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Management is subject to regular negotiations and agreements between partners.
In particular: Secretariat of the Pacific Commission (SPC), Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP), Caribbean Community and Common Market (CARICOM)
Partner Countries: Ongoing or planned cooperation inter alia with:
Caribbean: Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Haiti, Guyana, Jamaica, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Pacific: Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Kiribati, Nauru, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Republic of the Marshall Islands, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu
Global: selected pilot countries including SIDS