Description/achievement of initiative
Over the last years Germany has significantly stepped up its commitment for biodiversity and has more than doubled finical support for developing countries in this regard. In 2013 Germany has provided over 500 Mi for the protection of forests and other ecosystems worldwide. German development cooperation thereby supports all three objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity in order to protect biodiversity and at the same time foster sustainable development. Since 2008, the German International Climate Initiative (IKI) has also been financing climate and biodiversity projects in developing and newly industrialising countries, including SIDS. Since 2008 the IKI has supported more than 35 projects with a volume of approx. 120 Mil. Euro in SIDS or with direct participation of SIDS. The IKI is promoting climate resilient and low carbon development and the protection and sustainable use of biodiversity in the Pacific, Caribbean and Indian Ocean. SIDS have a unique environment and wildlife that is affected by climate change and current developments.In this regard one major focus in the cooperation with SIDS is on Ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) approaches for Islands. In the light of current and future climatic change EbA measures conserve important ecosystems, restore them, or help to manage them sustainably. In this way, the resilience of ecosystems can be increased and the vulnerability of Islands and their environment be gradually reduced.One major goal of the IKI cooperation with SIDS is the development of a sustainable environment for the local population as well as the conservation of its biodiversity. SIDS have complex and sensitive ecosystems that need to be protected, the use of natural resources and ecosystem services need to be sustainably managed. One measure are economic assessments of marine and coastal ecosystems in order to give decision makers additional aspects for the identification of new protected areas and their inclusion in development planning processes.
The implementation methodologies depend on the project type and include capacity building, policy advice, implementation of pilot projects, research cooperation, study/concept development, technology transfer, financing and others.
Arrangements for Capacity-Building and Technology Transfer
Capacity Building and Technology Transfer are integral parts of several cooperation projects. The detailed arrangements depend on the specific project concept.
Coordination mechanisms/governance structure
Coordination is guaranteed by the respective regional organizations, in particular in the Pacific by SPC and in the Caribbean by CARICOM. German cooperation support for SIDS in the field of biodiversity is subject to regular negotiations and agreements between partners.
In Particular: Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP), Secretariat of the Pacific Commission (SPC), CCCCC, Caribbean Challenge Initiative (CCI), The Nature Conservancy, Global Environment Facility (GEF), Micronesia Conservation Trust (MCT), CfRN-Coalition for Rainforest Nations, Worldwatch Institute, IUCN Oceania Regional Office, United Nations Environment Programme, Munich Climate Insurance Initiative (MCII), Rare, Center for Clean Air Policy, Transparency International, GenderCC - Women for Climate Justice, Potsdam Institute for climate impact research (PIK) e.V., Climate Analytics, UNEP; Pacific Islands Forum; Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS)
Partner Countries: Ongoing or planned cooperation inter alia with Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Fiji, Federated States of Micronesia, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Nauru, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Samoa, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Lucia, Timor-Leste , Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago Tuvalu, Vanuatu.